Presentation on theme: "1920s TEAM CANADA JERSEY. Soldiers arrived home from WW I to find few support services & few jobs, Wartime workers faced low wages (war wages) &inflation."— Presentation transcript:
1 1920s TEAM CANADA JERSEY
2 Soldiers arrived home from WW I to find few support services & few jobs, Wartime workers faced low wages (war wages) &inflation. POST WW I FEELINGS RESULTS The turn to communism was more about revolt than actual communism Demands for wages, conditions & unions ONE BIG UNION Uniting all workers to fight for rights. THE 1919 WINNIPEG GENERALSTRIKE 30 000 people walked off the job and fought for better wages, conditions, & collective bargaining. Ended with Bloody Saturday. Anti – strikers feared the Red Scare
3 Early 20sMid 20s By mid 1920s Canadian industry improved. - wheat- pulp & paper - mining- forestry - consumer goods- hydro THE U.S.A. INVESTS IN CANADA -U.S.A. replaced Britain as our largest trade partner. -Branch plants beat Canadian tariffs. -The British tended to loan money -‘The Big Three’ (GM/Ford/Chrysler) -All of Canada switched to driving on the right. -Primary vs Secondary Industry -Canadian focus = raw resources -American focus = secondary resources -The U.S. made the real $$$$$ CANADIAN BOOTLEGGING Canadian prohibition ended 1921. U.S. prohibition ended 1933. WCTU = prohibition During WW I Canada’s Economy
4 Has Canada truly made a name for itself? British PM John Major (left), Chinese President Jiang Zemin (second from left), and US President Bill Clinton (second from right) watch a parade of veterans and troops in Moscow square to commemorate the 50 th anniversary of WW II. “Man at right is unidentified” Canada PM Jean Chretien
5 Stock Market ‘Buying On Margin’ Charles Lindberg Charlie Chaplin
6 1920 Model T Bush Pilots Wilfrid “Wop” May Two Way Radio Frederick Banting Insulin 1923 = First Radio Broadcast ASSIGNMENT DO – p. 70 #1-4 p.71 # 1-4 FOR DISCUSSION Hemlines! Stockings! What scandalizes parents today? The Flapper
7 Faced social & political restrictions - Homemakers - secretaries/nurses etc. - paid less - gained franchise but jobs limited - Agnes Macphail – 1 st & only politician. Emily Murphy ran for magistrate/judge but was excluded as by law not a “person.” By 1929, the famous five established women’s rights but the reality was often different. Supreme Court of Aberta => Yes to Murphy. Supreme Court of Canada => No to “Persons” Privy Council in Britain => Yes to “Persons” - Despite WW I soldiers also not “persons.” -No right to provincial vote until 1949. Federal = 1960. - Residential schools and assimilation still encouraged. -Enfranchisement – took away status. - Banned cultural events ie. Potlatches. -Struggled for Aboriginal Titles, cut-off lands/treaties, self- determination. - Discouraged immigration. - Blatant discrimination. - Ed. Act 1918 separate Black schools until 1954. (Nova Scotia) - Acts of tolerance began. - City of Edmonton refused pool bans. - British & American preference. - Restricted Asians. - Labour = pro restrictions. - Business = anti restrictions (low wages) - 1925 economy up and eased restrictions. Vancouver 1925 Emily Murphy Nelly McClung
8 Women’s Progress The cartoon shown below appeared in The Globe of January 18, 1924. Questions 1.What message do you think the cartoonist is trying to convey? 2. a. On which “step: do you think the woman in the cartoon would standing in 1895? b. On which step would she be standing in 1989? 3. What two changes in the laws of Canada did women demand during World War I? 4. Do you feel that women have: more rights than men the same rights as men less rights than men
9 -THE MARITIMES - small population = few seats. -Business moving to central. - demand for coal down. -THE PRAIRIES - frustrated with duties and tariffs. - farmers wanted free trade & lower freight rates. - set up own parties (“United Farmers Party” / Progressive Party) -QUEBEC -Fought to preserve culture. - U.S. invested in Quebec => economy boomed. -Cheap labour, pulp & paper, hydro, aluminum. -WESTERN INTERESTS - West felt East got all the benefits. - Forests, mining, pulp,Vancouver port. => increased western powers 1921 ELECTION See regionalism cartoon on page 78. Mackenzie-King Arthur Meighen Liberal – compromise -middle path Conservative – principles -offended people Liberals won Canada’s first Minority Gov’t
10 1.THE CHANAK CRISIS -Britain threatened Turkey over Chanak port. -Can. never ‘jumped’ => sent to parliament. -Crisis ended before Can. made a decision. 2.THE HALIBUT TREATY - Canada negotiated treaty with U.S. - Mack.-King refused to let Britain sign deal. - first treaty signed and negotiated by Can. 3. THE KING-BYNG CRISIS -Mack.-King wanted G.G. to dissolve parliament & call an election to avoid scandal. -G.G. role diminished to a pawn. 4. THE BALFOUR REPORT - Made Can. an autonomous community within the Brt. Empire. (all other dominions as well) 5.THE STATUTE OF WESTMINISTER - Turned the Balfour Report into law in 1931. - Officially made the Brt. Empire, the Brt. Commonwealth. - Can. became a country = to Britain. Note – BNA Act still in Brt. as the provinces & Feds couldn’t agree on the amending formula. The Chanak Port would give Turkey access to Europe through the Black Sea. G.G. Byng PM King (Minority Gov’t) Note – Harper forced GG Jean to prorogue parliament to avoid non-confidence vote in 2008. Lord Balfour
11 On Tuesday, October 29, 1929, the New York Stock Exchange collapsed.
12 Discuss the following statement. “The 1920s were the most flamboyant time in history.” ORGANIZATION Intro. => Political, Social, Economic => Conclusion Intro. => Agree / Disagree => Conclusion Others???
13 ESSAY OUTLINE QUESTION Introduction => Thesis Statement (3) __________________________________________ Socially => ___________ ___________ __________ __________ ____________ Economically =>___________ ___________ _________ __________ ____________ Politically => ___________ ___________ __________ _________ __________ ___________ Conclusion=> One complete summary statement that ties in the Great Depression. (3) ______________________________
Presentation on theme: "In 1941, the island of Timor was divided into two separate colonies each of which had their own governing power : The Portuguese in Portuguese Timor and."— Presentation transcript:
2 In 1941, the island of Timor was divided into two separate colonies each of which had their own governing power : The Portuguese in Portuguese Timor and the Dutch in Dutch Timor. The Australian and Dutch Governments agreed that, in the event Japan entered WWII, Australia would provide forces to reinforce Netherlands Timor.
3 The Government of Portugal had declined to cooperate with the allies, relying on its claim of neutrality and plans to send 800 soldiers from Mozambique, to defend the territory from any Japan invasion.
4 Japanese first attacked Timor on January 26 by aircrafts. During the night of February 19-20, the imperial Japanese Armys 228 th Regimental Group, under the command of Colonel Sadashichi Doi, began landing in Timor.
5 By the end of February, the Japanese controlled most of Netherlands Timor and the area around Dilli in the north-east. However, they could not move into the south and east of the island, without fear of attack. During August, Japanese forces began to burn and/or bomb villages believed to have assisted the Allies, with huge civilian casualties. The commander of the Japanese 48 th Division, Lieutenant General Yuichi Tsuchihashi arrived, to assume control of operations on Timor. Strong Japanese columns moved south – two from Dilli and one from Manatuto on the north east coast. Another moved eastward from Netherlands Timor to attack Dutch positions in the central south of the island. The Attack ended August 19, having secured the central town of Maubisse and the southern port of Becco.
6 The Japanese had what they called Special Naval Landing Force Units (SNLF) who were something like marines. NAVAL LANDER – The Japanese marines olive green uniform and black leather boots and gaiters were distinctive. On his arm this man wears the rank badge – crossed anchors and a single cherry blossom – of a leading seamen. He carries a Type 96 Nambu light machine gun. Naval Aviator
7 The Chi-Re was the heaviest Japanese tank in WWII (37t) The Japanese Chi-To Type 4 was the second heaviest in Japan during WWII (30t). During the night on February 19 – 20, light tanks were landed to support the Japanese infantry. They landed on the undefended south west side of the island at the Paha River.
8 The Australians joined forces with the Dutch in East Timor. A 1,400 strong Australian Army detachment, know as Sparrow Force, arrived in Kupang on December 12, 1941. The force was initially commended by Lieutenant Colonel William Leggatt, and was centred on the Australian 8 th Divisions 2/40 Battalion. On Feb 10, Australia lost control of Timor to the Japanese.
9 Leggatt's men launched a sustained and devastating assault on the paratroopers. By the morning of February 23, the 2/40 th had killed all but 78 of the paratroopers, but had been engaged from the rear by the main Japanese force once again. With his soldiers running low on ammunition, exhausted and carrying 132 men with serious wounds, Leggatt consulted his men and the accepted a Japanese invitation to surrender, at Usua.