Senator Flake Committee Assignments House

This article is about the U.S. Senator from Arizona. For the Florida state senator, see Jeff Flake (Florida politician).

Jeff Flake
United States Senator
from Arizona


Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Serving with John McCain
Preceded byJon Kyl
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 6th district
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2013
Preceded byJ. D. Hayworth
Succeeded byDavid Schweikert
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Arizona's 1st district
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Preceded byMatt Salmon
Succeeded byRick Renzi
Personal details
BornJeffry Lane Flake[1]
(1962-12-31) December 31, 1962 (age 55)
Snowflake, Arizona, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Cheryl Bae Flake
EducationBrigham Young University(BA, MA)
WebsiteSenate website

Jeffry Lane Flake[2] (born December 31, 1962) is an American politician serving as the juniorUnited States Senator from Arizona since 2013.

Born in Snowflake, Arizona, Flake is a graduate of Brigham Young University and was a Mormon missionary for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to South Africa before working in public affairs, serving as Executive Director of the Foundation for Democracy in Namibia and Executive Director of the Goldwater Institute. A member of the Republican Party, Flake was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 2001 to 2013, representing Arizona's 6th congressional district (numbered as Arizona's 1st congressional district from 2001 to 2003). He was a member of the Committee on Appropriations.

Flake decided to run for the U.S. Senate in 2012. He defeated three challengers in the Republican primary and, after a close race, beat Democrat Richard Carmona, the former Surgeon General of the United States, in the general election by 49.2% to 46.2%. In January 2013 Flake was sworn in. He serves on the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on the Judiciary and the Special Committee on Aging.

Criticizing PresidentDonald Trump, Flake announced on October 24, 2017 that he would retire from the Senate at the end of his current term and would not seek reelection in 2018.[3][4]

Early life, education, and early career[edit]

Flake was born in Snowflake, Arizona, the son of Nerita (née Hock) and Dean Maeser Flake.[5] His birth town was named in part for his great-great-grandfather, Mormon pioneerWilliam J. Flake.[6] Flake obtained a B.A. in International Relations and an M.A. in Political Science from Brigham Young University.[7] He took a two-year leave of absence to serve as a volunteer Mormon missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in South Africa in the early 1980s and speaks Afrikaans. He worked in the public affairs sector after college and served as Executive Director of the Foundation for Democracy in Namibia and Executive Director of the Goldwater Institute before entering the House of Representatives. He opposed economic sanctions on South Africa in the 1980s, arguing that sanctions would harm the black population who were already suffering under apartheid policies.[8]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]


Flake was first elected to Congress in 2000 from what was then the 1st District, after Republican incumbent Matt Salmon stepped down to honor a self-imposed term limit. The district, which included most of the East Valley, was then renumbered as the 6th district as Arizona gained two Congressional seats because of the results of the 2000 census. Flake easily defeated his primary challenger.[9]

In his campaign in 2000, Flake had pledged to serve no more than three terms in Congress which would see him serve no later than January 2007. Shortly after being elected for a third time, Flake announced in early 2005 that he had changed his mind on pledging term limits and was planning to run for reelection in 2006. "It was a mistake to limit my own terms," Flake said.[10]

In that same election, three out of five mayors in his home district opposed his reelection because, according to Flake, he did not "bring pork barrel spending" to the mayors' cities.[6] In 2006, several Democrats had announced their intention to run for the seat but only one met the June filing deadline, and that particular filing was rejected due to an insufficient number of nominating signatures. "I did expect to have a primary opponent. I deserve one," Flake said, referring to the term-limit pledge which he had broken. "By all rights, I ought to have an opponent. I just got lucky, I guess."[11]

In the 2006 mid-term elections, Flake had no Democratic Party opponent and easily defeated the Libertarian Party candidate, Jason Blair, with 74% of the vote.[12]


Committee assignments[edit]

He served on the Liberty Committee (sometimes called the Liberty Caucus), a group of libertarian-leaning Republican congressmen.[13] He is also a member of the Republican Study Committee.

U.S. Senate[edit]

2012 election[edit]

Main article: United States Senate election in Arizona, 2012

In February 2011, Flake announced that he was running for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retiring Senate Minority WhipJon Kyl in 2012.[14] Flake easily won the Republican nomination against real estate businessman Wil Cardon.[15] He faced former surgeon generalRichard Carmona, who sought office for the first time in the general election. In May 2012, Flake led Carmona by 13 points in the polls. In an October 2012 poll by Public Policy Polling, Flake was trailing Carmona by two points.[16] After the race tightened, the Wall Street Journal criticized a controversial Flake ad that accused Carmona of having "issues with anger, with ethics, and with women."[17] Flake was endorsed by the Casa Grande Dispatch,[18] the United States Chamber of Commerce,[19] the Senate Conservatives Fund,[20] and the Club for Growth.[21] Flake defeated Democratic Richard Carmona 49–46% on November 6, 2012.[22] He won mainly on the strength of carrying Maricopa County, home to Phoenix and 60 percent of the state's population, by 77,200 votes, more than the overall margin of 67,900 votes. He also benefited from Mitt Romney carrying the state by 10 points in the presidential election.


Flake replaced retiring Republican U.S. Senator Jon Kyl on January 3, 2013.

2017 congressional shooting[edit]

Flake was on the field during practice for the annual Congressional Baseball Game when the Congressional baseball shooting happened on June 14, 2017. He said the attendees were like "sitting ducks" and that it was likely that the Capitol Police saved their lives:[23]

All of a sudden, we heard a very loud shot. Everybody thought 'sounds like a gun'. The gunman was over by the third base dugout, with a clear view of the field and everybody on it. A lot of us dove into the dugout and tried to get as many as we could, but at that point, there was firing behind us from the security detail, the Capitol Police, and I started yelling back, 'are you friendly?' – making sure that it was our guy, because we didn't know if there were other shooters that had us surrounded, and were coming into the dugout.[23]

Former President Obama called Flake that morning to extend his best wishes and prayers for the victims. Flake had flown with Obama from Washington, D.C. to Arizona in 2011 after the shooting of then-Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords.[24]

Bipartisan survival trip[edit]

Flake used his experience surviving in the wild for six days with a Democratic Senator to develop an idea to end partisan gridlock in Washington. In 2014, Flake and U.S. Senator Martin Heinrich (D-NM) were featured on a Discovery Channel reality TV show, Rival Survival, where the two stayed on a small Micronesian island for six days. Flake later joked during a speech at the National Press Club that sending both Senate leaders (Majority Leader Senator Harry Reid [D-NV] and Republican Mitch McConnell [R-KY]) to a remote island together might reduce partisanship and allow more legislation to move forward.[25]

Committee assignments[edit]

Appearance in film[edit]

Flake was featured in the documentary film series How Democracy Works Now: Twelve Stories by filmmakers Shari Robertson and Michael Camerini. Films he appears in through the series include:

Political positions[edit]

Budget and economy[edit]

Flake is a fiscal conservative,[26] and a critic of government waste and advocates reducing federal spending.[27] He was described by columnist Robert Novak as an "insistent reformer".[28] Flake is a signer of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge[29] and one of eight House members to receive a 100% approval rating from the American Conservative Union.[30] A "scourge of pork-barrel spending",[31] Flake was ruled the least profligate spender in Congress by Citizens Against Government Waste in July 2007 and designated a "taxpayer superhero."[27] In 2008, Flake voted against the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP).[32]

Flake is "known for his ardent opposition to earmarks."[33] He has been called an "anti-earmark crusader,"[34] and frequently challenges earmarks proposed by other members of Congress. Since May 2006, he has become prominent with the "Flake Hour," a tradition at the end of spending bill debates in which he asks earmark sponsors to come to the house floor and justify why taxpayers should pay for their "pet projects."[35] He is credited with prompting House rule changes to require earmark sponsors to identify themselves.[36]

Until September 2010, Flake issued a press release listing an "egregious earmark of the week" every Friday.[27] Usually the earmark will be followed by Flake making a humorous comment; as an example, Rep. Flake once said of Congressman Jose Serrano's $150,000 earmark to fix plumbing in Italian restaurants, "I would argue this is one cannoli the taxpayer doesn't want to take a bite of."[6] The "earmark of the week" releases were ended and replaced with the "So Just How Broke Are We?" series of releases. In March 2010, the House Appropriations Committee implemented rules to ban earmarks to for-profit corporations, a change Flake supported. "This is the best day we've had in a while," he said to the New York Times, which reported that approximately 1,000 such earmarks were authorized in the previous year, worth $1.7 billion.[37]

Disaster aid[edit]

In 2012, it was reported that Flake had on at least five occasions voted against legislation intended to prevent natural disasters and provide aid to those harmed by natural disasters.[38] In 2005, Flake was one of only 11 House representatives to vote against a bill providing supplemental emergency funds to handle damage from Hurricane Katrina.[38][39]


On December 2, 2014, the Senate passed the Bill Williams River Water Rights Settlement Act. The bill would put an end to a fight over water rights in the Bill Williams River Watershed in Arizona. Flake introduced the Senate version of the bill along with Senator John McCain. The bill also helps the Hualapai Native American tribe, which uses water from the watershed. The bill would put a limit on the amount of water that a local mining company can use, and it would give legal recognition to the tribe's rights to the water source.[40] At a House hearing on the bill in September 2014, in which both the Hualapai Tribe and Freeport Minerals company testified, both the tribe and the company agreed that the bill would provide each, and other interests, with benefits. The settlement would guarantee water rights for the tribe; provide water for Freeport's mine in Bagdad, Arizona; and give the state of Arizona rights to a property area that would be used for a conservation program for several species.[41] The Arizona Chamber of Commerce supported the legislation, saying, "The settlement of water rights claims is a priority in our state in order to provide clarity and long-term certainty to all water users across Arizona."[42]

In 2014, the EPA announced that it would make some changes to federal regulation of water. Two different cases that went before the Supreme Court resulted in the court ordering the EPA to specify which waterways in the U.S. are considered protected by the Clean Water Act. Flake and McCain sent a letter to the head of the EPA, citing a number of reasons why the regulation would hurt Arizona. One of the senators' concerns was about waterways that only flow in certain parts of the year. Flake and McCain believe that if the EPA includes those types of waterways in the new regulations, the regulations would have a negative effect on Arizona's agriculture industry. One of the reasons the EPA is using in deciding which waterways will fall under the new regulation is by concluding whether pollution in waterways will negatively affect other waters downstream. Flake and McCain asserted in their letter that little proof existed to back up such a conclusion, but the EPA responded by saying that the proposed regulation was carefully examined and was made with bipartisan input. Additionally, Flake and McCain wrote that the new changes could make it harder for Arizona firefighters to fight wildfires.[43]

Flake advocated against the rule for two primary reasons. First, Flake wrote that the EPA proposed rule did not make a distinction between waterways that flow all year or just part of the year. Flake cited that 94 percent of Arizona's waterways do not flow continuously year-round, and because of that, the lack of distinction in the rule would affect most of Arizona's waterways. Second, Flake argued that the scientific evidence used by the EPA to back up the rule was "anything but settled."[44] Flake and McCain warned the EPA administrator about their concerns earlier in the year, via a letter sent on May 6, 2014.[45] An editorial published by the Arizona Republic said that the EPA rule would have the effect of requiring the CAP Canal to treat drinking water twice, which would increase costs to Arizona residents. The editorial claims that the canal, and all water sources that go to people's homes, already has to meet Safe Drinking Water Act regulations.[46]

Despite Flake’s efforts against the bill, however, it was signed in to law by President Barack Obama on December 16, 2014.

Foreign policy[edit]

Flake voted in favor of the Iraq Resolution (authorizing the Iraq War) in the House of Representatives in October 2002.[47] In a debate on the House floor on the authorization of force (October 8, 2002), Flake said, "We ought to let history be our guide here. But the most recent history in this case that we ought to look at is the vote that took place in this Chamber 12 years ago. During that time, we faced a very similar decision. Should we thwart Saddam Hussein in his attempt to go beyond his boundaries or should we appease him? Fortunately, the majority of this body and the other body agreed we ought to thwart him; and I think we can all agree that, had we not done so, that the biological and chemical weapons that Saddam Hussein possesses would be added to nuclear weapons which he would certainly possess today had he not been thwarted at that time. We are in this position today, I would submit, because we have no other choice. This is our only reasonable option. War will no doubt come at great cost. When we visit the war memorials, we see that cost, but the cost of appeasement is far greater. I commend the House leadership for bringing this resolution forward and for shepherding it through process. I especially commend our President who so forcefully pushed for this resolution and who has so deliberately pushed for this resolution. I urge support for the resolution."[48]

After the 2006 election in which Republicans lost control of the House of Representatives largely due to the unpopularity of the war in Iraq, Flake changed his position on the Iraq War to one of cautious opposition,[49] including voting against appropriations. At a 2008 congressional hearing featuring General David Petraeus, Flake said, "I still have a hard time seeing the big picture and what constitutes success [in Iraq]. That's not just one side of the aisle with those kind of concerns. Many on this side of the aisle have that as well."[50]

Flake supported ending the Cuba Trade Embargo[51] and otherwise normalizing relations with Cuba.[52]

Flake supported President Barack Obama's 2014 decision to begin the process of normalizing relations between the United States and Cuba, despite opposition to the policy change from other Republican senators. Flake joined Democrats Chris Van Hollen and Patrick Leahy on a trip to Cuba to return Alan Gross to the United States. Gross, an American aid worker, had been imprisoned in Cuba for five years, but was released as part of the agreement between Obama and Cuban leader Raúl Castro. Flake believes that the United States embargo against Cuba is flawed, stating, "The policy that we've had in place for the past 50 years has done more in my view … to keep the Castro regimes in power than anything we could've done." Flake has traveled to Cuba nine times and supports loosening restrictions on Americans traveling to Cuba.[53]

Gun control issues[edit]

On April 17, 2013, Flake joined 45 other senators in voting against the Manchin-Toomey Amendment, which would have required background checks on private gun sales. Following the vote, Flake was criticized for changing his position on background checks. Just days before the vote, he had sent the mother of one of the Colorado theater shooting victims a handwritten letter stating that "strengthening background checks is something we agree on."[54] In response to a question asking whether he was worried about potential political consequences vowed by gun-control groups, Flake replied, "That's the beauty of a 6-year term. I truly want to do something on this, but what has been a little upsetting is to hear people try to maintain that we were just caving to pressure, discounting any issues that we had with the legislation, with the language. That's just not right."[55][56] Following his no vote, Flake's approval rating fell from 45% favorable–43% unfavorable, to 32% favorable–51% unfavorable according to one poll, making him the most unpopular senator in America as of April 2013.[57]

In March 2013, he joined with Senators Lindsey Graham, Mark Begich and Mark Pryor in introducing a bill that would prevent individuals who attempt to buy guns by those who have used an insanity defense, were ruled dangerous by a court, or had been committed by a court to mental health treatment.[58]


In 2007, Flake introduced legislation that would have provided a path to legalization for illegal immigrants, granted temporary legal status to illegal immigrants who paid a fine and passed background checks, and created a guest worker program.[59] Also in 2007, Flake was removed from the House Judiciary Committee by Speaker of the HouseJohn Boehner for "bad behavior", which Boehner said was criticism of party leaders, though Flake himself attributed it to his support of comprehensive immigration reform.[60][61]

In 2009, Flake introduced the Stopping Trained in America PhDs From Leaving the Economy (STAPLE) Act (H.R. 1791).[62][63] The bill would have authorized students who earned a Ph.D. in a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics from U.S. universities to be admitted for permanent residence and to be exempted from the numerical limits on H-1B nonimmigrants. The bill was reintroduced in 2011 and was referred to the Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement in February of that year.[64]

In 2010, Flake voted against the DREAM Act, which would have provided a path to citizenship for unauthorized immigrant minors provided that they join the military or go to university.[65] In late October 2012, Flake stated that he may support it in the future.[66]

In 2013, Flake was a member of the "Gang of Eight"—a bipartisan group of eight senators (four Democrats and four Republicans)—who sponsored an immigration overhaul bill. Flake said of the group: "Pretty quickly we determined that everybody around that table wanted to do this. We weren't looking to score political points."[67] The Senate passed the bill with 68 votes, but the bill failed in the House.[68]

When in November 2014, Obama announced on TV that he would use his executive powers to allow some undocumented immigrants to remain in the United States, Flake said that the best response would be not to shut down the government, but to pass a bill that addresses immigration problems.[69] As for Obama's executive plan, Flake said that he opposed it.[68] Flake opposed using a government funding bill to stop Obama's executive action, but Flake also said that he believed that both parties' strategies would make it more difficult to pass immigration reform legislation.[70]

Flake has publicly said that he believes that the reason so many children in recent years have come across the U.S. border illegally without parents is because parents believe their children will be able to stay in the United States if they do so.[71] Flake has said that the Republican Party needs to take a rational approach to solving immigration problems, and if it does not, the party will have a difficult time winning national elections. Flake said that Jeb Bush's support of an immigration system reform makes Bush more electable in a general election.[71] Flake supported Jeb Bush's remarks about immigration being an act of love, and said, "Growing up here in Arizona, I've seen what motivates those who come here illegally. Sure, some come with the intent to do harm or simply to take advantage of our generosity. But many come to find work to feed their families. To lump everyone who crosses the border illegally into the same class is unfair and unproductive."[72]

Flake spoke out against President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to prohibit immigration from seven predominantly Muslim countries. He stated that "It’s unacceptable when even legal permanent residents are being detained or turned away at airports and ports of entry.”[73]

Social issues[edit]

In October 2008, Esquire named Congressman Flake one of the Ten Best Members of Congress saying in part, "A true conservative, Flake is as rare as the dodo. Republicans should learn from him, and liberals and libertarians will find in him a strong privacy-rights ally."[74] During the 2005 debate on renewal of the expiring provisions of the USA Patriot Act, Jeff Flake successfully submitted several amendments to the bill in the House of Representatives. One required the FBI director to personally sign off on any request for library and bookstore records before applying to the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, but it was altered in the United States Senate version of the bill.[75] Two of his amendments were signed into law and they subjected any National Security Letter and its gag order to a judicial challenge by the recipient, and narrowed the scope of "Sneak and Peek" warrants to have definite time limits on their duration and extensions before they need to notify the target of the investigation.[76] Before that, "Sneak and Peek" warrants could be extended by the standard of not "unduly delaying trial" without any defined time limitation.[77] This amended bill was titled the USA PATRIOT Improvement and Reauthorization Act of 2005 and it was signed into law on March 9, 2006.[78] This bill also required three Inspector General investigations that led to the discovery of exigent letters[79] and National Security Letter abuses.[80] On February 8, 2011, Flake voted to renew key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. The vote failed.[81] On February 10, 2011, Flake again voted to renew key provisions of the USA PATRIOT Act. This vote succeeded.[82]

On March 7, 2017, Flake introduced a bill to eliminate FCC Internet privacy rules that were passed under President Barack Obama. His proposed bill would allow Internet service providers to share and sell consumers' browsing history without consent. In regards to Obama's FCC Internet Privacy rules, Flake stated that "It is unnecessary, confusing and adds yet another innovation-stifling regulation to the Internet."[83] Flake received $22,700 in donations from paid lobbyists representing Internet service providers and tech firms to sponsor the anti-privacy legislation.[84] In April 2017, the legislation passed both houses of Congress, which are Republican-controlled, allowing ISPs to sell consumer browsing history and other information without the user's consent.[84] One constituent at a town-hall meeting told Flake that "You sold my privacy up the river."[84]

Flake describes himself as "pro-life"; he opposes legal abortion, with exceptions for rape, incest, and to protect the life of the mother.[85]

In 2010, Flake was one of fifteen Republican House members to vote in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010, which repealed the U.S. military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy, which banned openly gay service members.[86][87] Flake had voted to amend the U.S. Constitution to ban same-sex marriage with a Federal Marriage Amendment in 2004 and 2006.[88][89]

In 2017, Flake voted three times to repeal the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare.[90]

Employment Non-Discrimination Act[edit]

Although he voted in favor of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA) in 2007, which would have banned discrimination based on sexual orientation, Flake said he had concerns with the 2013 version, which includes both sexual orientation and gender identity.[91] When the vote occurred on November 7, Flake cast his vote in favor of the 2013 version of ENDA.[92]

Roy Moore[edit]

In October 2017, Flake refused to support Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore in the December 2017 Senate special election in Alabama.[93] Flake said that he could not support a candidate who believed that Muslims should not be allowed to serve in Congress.[93] After the Washington Post reported in November 2017 that a number of women had accused Moore of having pursued sexual relationships with them or sexually assaulted them when they were teenagers, Flake quickly condemned Moore and said he would prefer that Doug Jones, the Democratic candidate, win the special election instead of Moore.[93] On December 5, 2017, one week before the election, Flake donated $100 to the Jones campaign and posted a tweet which said "Country over Party".[94]

Supreme Court[edit]

In March 2016, Flake said that Judge Merrick Garland, PresidentBarack Obama's nominee for the Supreme Court seat vacated by the death of Antonin Scalia, should not be confirmed unless Hillary Clinton wins the 2016 presidential election. Flake argued that should Clinton win, Garland should be confirmed in the Senate's lame-duck session because he is less liberal than any nominee Clinton might put forward.[95][96] After meeting with Garland in April, Flake reiterated this position, saying that confirmation hearings on Garland's nomination should not be taken up until after the election, so that the American people can choose the next president, unless Clinton won, in which case, "we ought to approve him quickly."[97][98]

In April 2017, he voted to invoke cloture (end debate) on the nomination of Supreme Court nominee Neil Gorsuch, putting an end to the Democratic filibuster. Flake also voted for the "nuclear option," ending the ability to filibuster Supreme Court nominees, and deviating from Senate tradition. He stated, "While changing Senate rules was not my preferred outcome, this will simply make de jure what was de facto prior to 2003, when filibusters were virtually never used on the executive calendar."[99][100] Experts have noted that this could presage an end to the use of the filibuster altogether, allowing for simple majority votes on legislation.[100]


In 2015, Flake and Senator John McCain published a report detailing what they called "paid patriotism" by the U.S. Department of Defense for using soldiers, military equipment and resources at professional sports events in the United States. The report gave evidence that taxpayer-funded patriotic displays extended not only to the NFL but also to Major League Baseball, the National Hockey League and Major League Soccer.[101][102]

Personal life[edit]

Flake and his wife Cheryl (née Bae) have been married since 1985. [27] They live in Mesa and have five children. They are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He spent time in Zimbabwe and South Africa as a Mormon missionary.[6][103]

His uncle, Jake Flake, was an Arizona state senator.[104]

In 2009, while serving as a Representative, Flake spent a week alone on the island of Jabonwod, one of the Marshall Islands, as a survivalist venture. He survived by eating crabs, coconuts, and fish.[105] Having enjoyed the experience, he decided to repeat it when he was a senator, this time bringing his two youngest sons with him to another island in the area, Biggarenn, for four days during a congressional recess in 2013.[106]

Electoral history[edit]

YearDemocraticVotesPctRepublicanVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct3rd PartyPartyVotesPct
2002Deborah Thomas49,35531.57%Jeff Flake*103,09465.94%Andy WagnerLibertarian3,8882.49%
2004(no candidate)Jeff Flake202,88279.38%Craig StritarLibertarian52,69520.62%
2006(no candidate)Jeff Flake*152,20174.80%Jason M. BlairLibertarian51,28525.20%
2008Rebecca Schneider115,45734.55%Jeff Flake*208,58262.42%Rick BiondiLibertarian10,1373.03%
2010Rebecca Schneider72,61529.12%Jeff Flake*165,64966.42%Darell TappLibertarian7,7123.09%Richard GraysonGreen3,4071.37%

2018 Senate election[edit]

Main article: United States Senate election in Arizona, 2018

In 2018, Flake's Senate seat will be at stake. Flake angered some Republicans by his criticism of Donald Trump, the party's nominee in the 2016 election for President. President Trump himself was "furious" that Flake called on him to withdraw from the presidential race after the emergence of the Access Hollywood tape.[108] In August, 2017, Flake published his book Conscience of a Conservative: A Rejection of Destructive Politics and a Return to Principle, which expanded on his criticisms of Donald Trump.[109][110]

On October 24, 2017, Flake announced he would not seek a second term in the Senate, delivering an impassioned speech on the Senate floor notable for its denunciation of the Trump Administration.[111] Flake's speech, which was described by McKay Coppins as a "thundering indictment of his party, his president, and his country's political culture," was called "the most important speech of 2017" by Chris Cillizza.[112][113]


See also[edit]


Jeff Flake at a campaign event in Phoenix, Arizona.
Flake's 113th Congressional session photo
Senator Flake speaking at a rally in August 2014.
  1. ^"Jeff Flake". Retrieved November 20, 2017. 
  2. ^"U.S. Senate: Senators of the 114th Congress". Retrieved March 2, 2016. 
  3. ^"Flake won't be 'vindictive' toward Trump agenda". Retrieved November 20, 2017. 
  4. ^Feldscher, Kyle (October 24, 2017). "Jeff Flake rips Trump while announcing his retirement in remarkable speech on Senate floor". The Washington Examiner. Washington, D.C. Retrieved October 24, 2017. 
  5. ^Jeff Flake ancestry,; retrieved on November 5, 2012.
  6. ^ abcdSchorn, Daniel (February 11, 2009). Rep. Flake On Cutting Congressional Pork. CBS News .
  7. ^Flake, United States Senator Jeff. "About Jeff – United States Senator Jeff Flake". Retrieved May 18, 2016. 
  8. ^"Rolly: My recollection of events 20 years ago turned out to be a little flaky"Salt Lake Tribune.
  9. ^Arizona Secretary of State website: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 28, 2014. Retrieved February 9, 2016. . Retrieved January 7, 2006.
  10. ^Stone, Andrea (April 12, 2006). "Term-limit pledges get left behind". USA Today.
  11. ^Paul Giblin, "Flake faces solo race after judge removes hopeful"[permanent dead link], East Valley Tribune, July 12, 2006.
  12. ^U.S. House of Representatives / Arizona 06. CNN. Retrieved on November 5, 2012.
  13. ^

114th Congress


Congressman Gutiérrez currently serves on the House Judiciary Committee for the 114th Congress, where he plays a critical role in pushing for comprehensive immigration reform and sensible gun control legislation.

Rep. Gutiérrez requested and received placement on the Subcommittee on Immigration and Border Security. The Congressman last served on the subcommittee during the 110th and 111th Congresses and has a long history as a leader on immigration policy and strategy for the Democratic Caucus. He was the House author along with then-Congressman Jeff Flake and Senators Ted Kennedy and John McCain of the first bicameral, bipartisan comprehensive immigration reform bill in 2005.  Rep. Gutiérrez has devoted his twenty year career in Congress to the goal of comprehensive immigration reform (CIR) and will continue to be a champion for the American people and for immigrants and their families in the fight for CIR.  In addition to issues of immigration and naturalization, the subcommittee has jurisdiction over border security, admission of refugees, treaties, conventions and international agreements, claims against the United States, Federal charters of incorporation, private immigration and claims bills, and nonborder enforcement. 

Rep. Gutiérrez  also serves on the Subcommittee on Crime, Terrorism, Homeland Security and Investigations. One of the top legislative issues for the Subcommittee in the 114th Congress is the passage of sensible gun control legislation, in particular efforts to reinstate the assault weapons ban, restrict the possession and manufacture of high-capacity magazines, and to expand universal background checks for all gun purchases. In addition to gun control, the subcommittee has jurisdiction over Federal Criminal Code, drug enforcement, sentencing, parole and pardons, internal and homeland security, Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, prisons, and criminal law enforcement.

The Congressman took temporary leave from his position as a senior member of the Financial Services Committee, to serve on the Judiciary Committee and work toward comprehensive immigration reform, gun violence prevention, and other important goals.


Congressman Gutiérrez  served as a Member of the prestigious House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. He was first appointed to the Committee by Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi on January 25, 2011, during the 112th Congress. He served on the Subcommittee on Terrorism, HUMINT, Analysis, and Counterintelligence. The committee has oversight over the U.S. intelligence community.

112th Congress and Prior Congresses


Congressman Gutiérrez has worked to restore economic stability, protect consumers, and strengthen regulations for the financial institutions whose risky behavior contributed to the economic collapse in 2008.  Congressman Gutiérrez previously served as the Ranking Member on the Financial Services Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity and a member of the Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit during the 112th Congress. The Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity had oversight over the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae), in addition to insurance and government-sponsored insurance programs; housing, including rental assistance, mortgage and loan insurance, Section 8, rural housing, community development and neighborhood planning. Previously, the Congressman served as Chairman of the Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit (2009-2011) and the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Trade, and Technology (2007-2009).

As Chairman of the Subcommittee on Financial Institutions and Consumer Credit during the 111th Congress, Congressman Gutiérrez worked closely with former Chairman Barney Frank on the passage of Dodd-Frank and a member of the conference committee on the Wall Street Reform bill in 2010.

Throughout his tenure on the Financial Services Committee, Congressman Gutiérrez has spearheaded efforts to bring more minorities into the banking system. He also has played a prominent role in cracking down on predatory lenders, including flagrant abuses in payday lending to the military, and is leading efforts to make the costs of remittance services more transparent and to increase competition in the marketplace.  An amendment offered by Congressman Gutiérrez in the Financial Services Committee to cap the interest on payday loans made to military families and provide them with other basic protections against abusive lenders, was signed into law in 2006.  For more information on Congressman Gutiérrez’ work on the Financial Services Committee click here.


Congressman Gutiérrez is a member of the following Congressional Caucuses:

  • Congressional Hispanic Caucus
  • Congressional Tri-Caucus
  • Congressional Progressive Caucus
  • Congressional Urban Caucus
  • Congressional Task Force on Responsible Fatherhood
  • U.S.-Mexico Friendship Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on Armenian Issues
  • Congressional Ukrainian Caucus
  • Congressional Spina Bifida Caucus
  • House Baltic Caucus
  • Congressional Social Work Caucus
  • Congressional Entertainment Industries Caucus
  • Congressional Study Group on Germany
  • Congressional LGBT Equality Caucus
  • Congressional Humanities Caucus
  • Congressional Labor and Working Families Caucus
  • House Democratic Caucus
  • Congressional Community Health Centers Caucus
  • Congressional Anti-Bullying Caucus
  • Congressional Arts Caucus
  • Congressional Azerbaijani Caucus
  • Historic Preservation Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on Intellectual Property Promotion and Piracy Prevention
  • Congressional Urban Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on Parkinson's Disease
  • Congressional Friends of Spain Caucus
  • Congressional Diabetes Caucus
  • International Religious Freedom Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on Hellenic Issues
  • Congressional Heart and Stroke Coalition
  • House Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Caucus
  • Out of Iraq Caucus
  • International Conservation Caucus
  • House Financial and Economic Literacy Caucus
  • Congressional Mental Health Caucus
  • Bipartisan Congressional Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease
  • Congressional TRIO Caucus
  • Diversity and Innovation Caucus
  • Congressional Coalition on Adoption
  • Congressional Caucus on Central America
  • Latino-Jewish Congressional Caucus
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