History And Development Of The Internet Essay example
983 Words4 Pages
History and Development of the Internet
The internet is a global computer network connecting millions and millions of users throughout the world. (Leiner, 2). It has become one of the fastest growing forms of communication today. (Marshall, 1).
The Internet started as a Defense Department Cold War experiment in the 1950’s. (Academic American, 225). The government needed a way to relay information between tanks and headquarters so the APRA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) sought a way to let signals from the battlefield reach a headquarters computer using satellites and radio signals. At the same time the command posts of the nation were located deep underground in…show more content…
This was the point when the military really began to take interest in the project. (Diamond, 5)
When it first started APRAnet was limited mainly to military business by the APRA but soon scientists began to use it to collaborate on research through e-mail. Not long after the first mailing list appeared called SF-LOVERS. The APRA repeatedly shut the growing number of mailing lists down but gave up after a while calling it a way to "test the networks mail capacity." The APRAnet as it was now called began to grow and by the ‘80’s it began to link to other college and government networks. NSFnet (national science foundation network) and the newly founded usenet were among the first to be connected. These links began the "APRAinternet" later called just the internet. The internet grew rapidly over time and began to ease out of government ownership and into privately owned routes. In 1990 APRAnet was shut down but by this time the internet had become completely public and no longer relied on the original APRAnet. (Diamond, 6). It however still used the TCP/IP technology developed by Cerf. (Academic American, 225)
Usenet was a network similar to APRAnet created
The History of the Internet and the World Wide Web Essay examples
1091 Words5 Pages
The History of the Internet and the WWW
1. The History of the World Wide Web-
The internet started out as an information resource for the government so that they could talk to each other. They called it "The Industrucable
Network" because it was so many computers linked to gether that if one server went down, no-one would know. This report will mainly focus on the history of the World Wide Web (WWW) because it is the fastest growing resource on the internet. The internet consists of diferent protocals such as WWW, Gopher (Like the WWW but text based), FTP (File Transfer Protocal), and Telnet (Allows you to connect to different BBS's). There are many more smaller one's but they are inumerable. A…show more content…
From 1981 until 1984, Tim was a founding Director of Image Computer
Systems Ltd, with technical design responsibility. In 1984, he took up a fellowship at CERN, to work on distributed real-time systems for scientific data acquisition and system control.
In 1989, he proposed a global hypertext project, to be known as the
World Wide Web. Based on the earlier "Enquire" work, it was designed to allow people to work together by combining their knowledge in a web of hypertext documents. He wrote the first World Wide Web server and the first client, a wysiwyg hypertext browser/editor which ran in the NeXTStep environment. This work was started in October 1990, and the program "WorldWideWeb" first made available within CERN in December, and on the Internet at large in the summer of
Through 1991 and 1993, Tim continued working on the design of the Web, coordinating feedback from users across the Internet. His initial specifications of URIs, HTTP and HTML were refined and discussed in larger circles as the Web technology spread.
In 1994, Tim joined the Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS)at the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). as Director of the W3 Consortium which coordinates W3 development worldwide, with teams at MIT and at INRIA in
France. The consortium takes as it goal to