What Is The Title Assignment By Seller

Summary: How to Transfer a Vehicle Title in Your State

When you buy or sell a vehicle, gift a car, or require a name change on a car title after a marriage or divorce, you'll usually need to transfer the title. Click your state to find the cost to transfer titles with your Department of Motor Vehicles or vehicle licensing agency. Find out if you can complete a tag transfer or registration transfer if you've sold your vehicle.

Whenever buying or selling a vehicle, you will need to transfer the title to its new owner. We have compiled the title information that specifically applies to your home state.

If your car is new, most of the required paperwork will be handled by the dealership.

If you buy a used car, you must not only submit a title transfer application, but depending on your state's requirements you might also have to provide an odometer reading, a vehicle identification number(VIN), and a bill of sale.

This is a how to guide to transfer a vehicle's title in your state. It will explain filling out the title certificate to properly transfer ownership.

The state-by-state pages may also provide downloadable title applications. You can find phone numbers, Web addresses, and DMV addresses.

A few helpful tips to remember to check are making sure the VIN on the title matches the VIN on the car, and confirming that used cars are free of all liens. You can find titling fees as well as the steps to take if you need a duplicate title.

Alabama

If owner transfers interest in vehicle, except by creation of security interest, may execute assignment and warranty of title at time of vehicle delivery.

If dealer buys car to resell and obtains certificate of title within 15 days of vehicle delivery, must execute assignment and warranty of title upon vehicle transfer to another person, unless transfer by security interest.

If owner interest is terminated or vehicle sold under security agreement by lienholder, application must contain last certificate of title, assignment of title, and affidavit certifying that vehicle is repossessed and that interest lawfully terminated or sold pursuant to security agreement.


Alaska

For any vehicle less than 10 years old, the transferor must include an odometer statement.


Arizona

Transferor must deliver an odometer mileage disclosure statement unless the vehicle is 10 years old or older or the vehicle has a gross vehicle weight of 16,000 lbs. or more.

If vehicle is registered, the registration expires and the owner shall transfer the license plates to ADOT or an authorized third party or submit affidavit of license plate destruction within 30 days of transfer of title.

If transfer is by operation of law, transferee has 30 days to apply for new title.


Arkansas

The owner shall endorse an assignment and warranty of title upon the certificate of title for the vehicle and shall deliver the certificate of title to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivery of the vehicle.

The transferee of any new or used vehicle required to be registered shall do so within 30 days.

The transferee shall at the time of application present the assigned certificate of title prior to obtaining the new title.

An odometer reading is required.


California

An effective transfer requires endorsement and delivery of certificate of ownership by transferor to transferee and delivery by transferee of the certificate to the DMV, with proper transfer fee and application for transfer of registration, within 10 days of receipt by the transferee.

Transfer may also be effected when an owner, within 5 calendar days of transfer or sale, provides notice to the DMV of such transfer or sale including the name and address of the owner and the transferee, a description of the vehicle, and the mileage at the time of sale or transfer.

Prior to, or at the time of sale or transfer, the owner must provide the transferee with a valid certificate of compliance stating that the vehicle meets state air pollution control standards.


Colorado

If a person other than a dealer sells or wishes to transfer their vehicle, the individual shall execute a formal transfer of vehicle. This transfer shall be affirmed by a statement signed by the person whose name is currently on the certificate of title of said vehicle.

Within 45 days, the purchaser or transferee shall present certificate with application for a new certificate of title to the DOR.


Connecticut

At the time of transfer of a vehicle, the transferor shall execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee, showing the name and address of the transferee, and the transferor shall deliver such title to the transferee or commissioner.

A lien holder shall, at the request of the owner or transferee, deliver the certificate to the transferee or the commissioner.


Delaware

Upon transfer of ownership, the buyer must surrender to the DMV the seller’s endorsed certificate of ownership.  Also, an owner is able to have their motor vehicle title issued in a transfer-on-death form by including in the certificate of title a designation of a beneficiary or beneficiaries so that, upon the owner’s death, the motor vehicle will be a non-probate asset that will pass to the beneficiary or beneficiaries named in the title.


District of Columbia

An owner has 4 days after selling a vehicle to execute and deliver an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee.


Florida

No person shall sell or otherwise dispose of a motor vehicle or mobile home without delivering to the purchaser or transferee a certificate of title indicating the name of the purchaser.

Upon transfer or reassignment of a certificate of title to a used motor vehicle, the transferor shall complete the odometer disclosure statement provided on the title. The transferee shall acknowledge the disclosure by signing and printing his or her own name in the spaces provided.

Each lien, mortgage, or encumbrance on a motor vehicle or mobile home title in Florida shall be noted upon the face of the Florida certificate of title.


Georgia

The transferor must enter on the certificate of title the mileage shown on the odometer at the time the transferor assigns the vehicle unless the vehicle is more than 10 model years old or the vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of more than 16,000 lbs.

The transferor must, at the time of delivery, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate of title.

If the transfer is by operation of law, the transferee has 30 days to apply for new title.

Requires proof of the payment of the sales and use tax as a precondition to titling motor vehicles.

The transferor must enter on the certificate of title the mileage shown on the odometer at the time the transferor assigns the vehicle unless the vehicle is more than 10 model years old or the vehicle has a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) of more than 16,000 lbs.


Hawaii

Within 30 days of a transfer of ownership, the transferee must forward the certificate of ownership to the county director of finance, after both the transferor and transferee have signed the certificate in the appropriate space for transfers.

Upon receipt of the certificate of ownership, the director of finance issues a new certificate of registration and a new certificate of ownership.

Within 10 days of a transfer of ownership, the transferor must give notice, on an official form, to the director of finance of such transfer indicating the date of transfer, the names and addresses of the transferor and transferee and a description of the vehicle; failure to comply with this rule carries a fine of not more than $100.


Idaho

A vehicle may not be sold or disposed of without the seller providing the title to the buyer.

In all cases of vehicle transfer, applications for certificate of title must be filed within 30 calendar days after delivery of the vehicle.


Illinois

Transferor must give the transferee an assignment and warranty of title at the time of the delivery of the vehicle in the space provided on the certificate of title and mail the certificate and assignment to the transferee or the Secretary of State.

Transferee must within 20 days after the delivery of the assigned title, execute the application for a new certificate and mail or deliver it to the Secretary of State.

Whenever the owner of a registered vehicle transfers or assigns his title, or interest thereto, the registration of such vehicle shall expire and the owner shall not be entitled to any refund of the registration fee.

When the transferee of a vehicle is a dealer who holds it for resale and lawfully operates it under dealers’ number plates or when the transferee does not drive such vehicle or permit it to be driven upon the highways, such transferee shall not be required to obtain a new registration of said vehicle.


Indiana

An effective transfer of title requires filling out, endorsing, and delivering the certificate of title by the transferor to the transferee and delivering the certificate to the Bureau, with proper transfer and application fees.

Generally, the certificate of title must be given to the transferee at the time of sale. If not, the title can be given to the transferee within 21 days of the sale if the transferor meets all of the following conditions: (1) the seller or transferor is a vehicle dealer licensed by the state; (2) the vehicle dealer is unable to deliver title; (3) the dealer believes he or she will be able to deliver the title without a lien within 21 days; (4) the vehicle dealer provides the transferee with an affidavit; and, (5) the transferee has made all initial agreed-upon vehicle payments.


Iowa

Upon the transfer of any registered vehicle, the owner must endorse an assignment of title upon the certificate of title for the vehicle with a statement of all liens and encumbrances. The owner must deliver the certificate of title to the purchaser or transferee at the time of delivering the vehicle. The owner must indicate the name of the county in which the vehicle was last registered and the registration expiration date.

The transferee within 30 calendar days after purchase or transfer must apply for and obtain from the county treasurer of purchaser’s residence a new registration and a new certificate of title.

The applicant will be required to pay a delinquent fee from the 1st day the registration fee was due prorated to the month of application for the new title.

When a vehicle is sold outside of the state for purposes other than for junk, the seller must detach the registration plates and indicate on the reverse of the registration card the name and address of the out-of-state purchaser or transferee over the seller’s signature. The seller must surrender the registration plates to the county treasurer, unless the registration plates are properly attached to another vehicle.

The transferor of a used motor vehicle must provide the transferee with a damage disclosure statement for vehicles seven model years and newer before a new certificate of title will be issued. The new certificate of title and registration receipt shall state whether a prior owner had disclosed that the vehicle was damaged to the extent of 50 percent or salvaged.

The transferor of a motor vehicle less than 10 model years old must furnish an odometer statement that is in compliance with federal law and regulations. This odometer statement must be furnished with the application for a new certificate of title. The statement must reflect whether the mileage is “actual,” “not actual,” or “exceeds mechanical limits.”


Kansas

The transferor shall endorse an assignment of the title to the transferee with a warranty of title, and shall deliver the assigned title to the buyer within 60 days of delivery.

The transferee shall then present the assigned title to the DMV when applying for a new title and registration.

The sale of a vehicle without transfer of the certificate of title is considered fraudulent and void.


Kentucky

When an owner transfers his interest in a vehicle, the owner must execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee.

Any person other than a dealer who sells a motor vehicle must deliver the certificate of registration and the certificate of title to the county clerk’s office and must transfer the vehicle to the new owner within 10 days of the date of sale or transfer. An affidavit attesting to the actual consideration paid may also be required.

If the transferor learns that the transferee did not promptly submit the necessary documentation to the county clerk within 15 days, as required by law, the transferor must submit an affidavit to the county clerk stating that the owner has transferred his interest in the vehicle.

A transfer of ownership will not be permitted unless evidence has been presented to the county clerk that all excise taxes imposed on the sale or transfer have been paid.

A transfer of ownership will not be permitted unless proof of insurance has been presented to the county clerk.


Louisiana

No person can sell a vehicle without delivering a certificate of title to the purchaser.

An effective transfer of title requires filling out, endorsing, and delivering the certificate of title by the transferor to the transferee and delivering the certificate to the Department with proper transfer and application fees.

If a certificate of title is held by a lienholder and the lienholder is selling the vehicle, the lienholder can make and deliver to the purchaser at the time of delivery a sales contract and an assignment of certificate of title on the Department’s form. These documents along with the certificate of title must be submitted to the Commissioner within 5 days of the sale. The Commissioner will then send the appropriate parties an amended certificate of title.

A vehicle that was previously purchased and titled in another state is allowed a credit against the state and local use taxes imposed in Louisiana.


Maine

When vehicle ownership is transferred, an assignment and warranty of title must be given to the new owner. The warranty must include the odometer information.


Maryland

If an owner transfers his interest in a vehicle, he shall, at the time of delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee, with a release for each security interest, lien, or other encumbrance on the vehicle, in the space provided on the certificate.

Applicants for certificates of title for a used vehicle purchased from a dealer must have, in addition to a completed application, a properly assigned title, a dealer’s reassignment, a dealer’s bill of sale, a Maryland safety inspection certificate, and an odometer disclosure statement.

Applicants for certificates of title for a used vehicle sold by someone other than a dealer must have, in addition to a completed application, a properly assigned certificate of title.

The transferee shall complete an application for a new certificate of title and mail or deliver it to the MVA or Maryland-licensed title service representative.


Massachusetts

If an owner of a vehicle for which a certificate of title has been issued transfers his interest therein, he or she shall, at the time of the delivery of the vehicle, execute an assignment including the actual odometer reading and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate, or such other form as the registrar shall prescribe, and cause the certificate and assignment to be mailed or delivered to the transferee or the registrar.

The new owner shall, promptly after delivery to him or her of the vehicle, execute the application for a new certificate of title in the space provided on the certificate or on such other form as the registrar shall prescribe and cause the certificate and application to be mailed or delivered to the registrar.


Michigan

A person cannot transfer the plates to a vehicle without applying for a proper certificate of registration describing the vehicle to which the plates are being transferred.

Unless the transfer is made and the fee paid within 15 days, the vehicle is considered to be without registration, the Secretary of State may repossess the license plates, and transfer of the vehicle ownership may be effected and a valid registration acquired thereafter only upon payment of a transfer fee of $15 in addition to the title late fee of $15.

The transferor must present to the transferee before delivery of the vehicle, a written disclosure of odometer mileage by means of the certificate of title or a written statement signed by the transferor.

A dealer is required to apply to the Secretary of State for a new title and secure registration plates and certificate of title for the purchaser within 15 days after delivering the vehicle.

The certificate of title will contain a form for assignment of title or interest and warranty of title by the owner with space for the notation of a security interest in the vehicle, which at the time of a transfer must be certified and signed, and space for a written odometer mileage statement that is required upon transfer.


Minnesota

An effective transfer of title requires the owner to do the following: (1) execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee; (2) state the actual selling price of the vehicle in the space provided on the certificate; (3) complete, detach, and return to the Department the postcard on the certificate entitled notice of sale or transmit this information to the Department electronically in a form acceptable to the commissioner; (4) the transferor shall cause the certificate and assignment to be delivered to the transferee immediately.

To receive a new certificate, the transferee must fill out and execute the application for a new certificate of title and mail it to the Department within 10 days of the transfer.

If a security interest is reserved or created at the time of transfer, a notification of the security interest must be delivered or mailed to the person who becomes the secured party.


Mississippi

When an owner transfers the ownership of a vehicle, manufactured home, or mobile home, he must, at the time of delivery, execute an assignment and warranty of title to the transferee in the space provided on the certificate and deliver the certificate and assignment to the transferee.


Missouri

When a vehicle is sold or transferred, the owner must endorse the certificate of ownership and sign a warranty of title with a statement of all liens or encumbrances on such motor vehicle or trailer, and deliver the same to the buyer at the time of the delivery to him or her of such motor vehicle or trailer.

The buyer must then present the certificate to the DVSB, at the time of making application for the registration of such motor vehicle or trailer, and a new certificate of ownership shall be issued to the buyer.

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