Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World Essay
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The Pax Mongolica, also known as the Mongol Peace and Pax Tatarica, was brought up at the end of the time of Mongols’ conquests. Western Scholars designated the fourteenth century as the Pax Mongolica. The Pax Mongolica contributed to the development of a new global culture because the Mongol Khans pursued peaceful trade and diplomacy (220). The bubonic plague epidemic of the 1300s led to the destruction of the Mongol Empire because of the deaths it caused; also, the plague had demoralized the living and deprived the Mongol Golden Family of its primary source of support by cutting off trade and tribute (247).
The unsuccessful attack of Japan and Java is what caused Khubilai Khan to realize that the transport of food through ship is…show more content…
Then, the Mongols in China would keep a third of it and send the rest of it to their kinsmen in other countries and areas. Khubilai Khan brought in not only Persian translators and doctor; but also ten thousand Russian soldiers. He allowed the Russians to stay as permanent residents (222).
The consistent motion of shares gradually transported the Mongol war into commercial arteries (222). The migration of goods gradually increased, and because of this the Mongol authorities looked for easier and faster routes so the shipment of goods can be smoother. The Mongol authorities expanded the Mongolian postal system, and by expanding the system memos, people, and appurtenances could be sent by horses and camels, from country to country. The expedition of Khubilai Khan in 1281 led to a route to develop that connected China and the Tibet and Himalayan area in the postal system. The expedition also led scholars to make a map of the Yellow river (222).
The Pax Mongolica also had technological innovations. The Mongols adapted to the Chinese engineering styles, which an advantage to the Mongols because they could build water projects throughout their properties. The Mongols wanted to extend the Grand Canal because they learned that they could move loads of goods quickly by water (223).
The Mongol realized that some of the items that they took were abused, and where
“The Mongols swept across the globe as conquerors,” writes the appreciative pop anthropologist-historian Weatherford (The History of Money, 1997, etc.), “but also as civilization’s unrivaled cultural carriers.”
No business-secrets fluffery here, though Weatherford does credit Genghis Khan and company for seeking “not merely to conquer the world but to impose a global order based on free trade, a single international law, and a universal alphabet with which to write all the languages of the world.” Not that the world was necessarily appreciative: the Mongols were renowned for, well, intemperance in war and peace, even if Weatherford does go rather lightly on the atrocities-and-butchery front. Instead, he accentuates the positive changes the Mongols, led by a visionary Genghis Khan, brought to the vast territories they conquered, if ever so briefly: the use of carpets, noodles, tea, playing cards, lemons, carrots, fabrics, and even a few words, including the cheer hurray. (Oh, yes, and flame throwers, too.) Why, then, has history remembered Genghis and his comrades so ungenerously? Whereas Geoffrey Chaucer considered him “so excellent a lord in all things,” Genghis is a byword for all that is savage and terrible; the word “Mongol” figures, thanks to the pseudoscientific racism of the 19th century, as the root of “mongoloid,” a condition attributed to genetic throwbacks to seed sown by Mongol invaders during their decades of ravaging Europe. (Bad science, that, but Dr. Down’s son himself argued that imbeciles “derived from an earlier form of the Mongol stock and should be considered more ‘pre-human, rather than human.’ ”) Weatherford’s lively analysis restores the Mongols’ reputation, and it takes some wonderful learned detours—into, for instance, the history of the so-called Secret History of the Mongols, which the Nazis raced to translate in the hope that it would help them conquer Russia, as only the Mongols had succeeded in doing.
A horde-pleaser, well-written and full of surprises.