Greek Influence On Western Culture Essays

Greek Contributions On Western Civilizations Essay

The ancient Greek civilizations contributed and influenced many Western civilizations. The ancient Greek’s achievements helped shape and inspire the basis of Western society. Their ideas of literature and theatre, architecture, and philosophy are still used today in the modern world.
The Greek society made long-lasting contributions, especially in the fields of literature and theatre. One of the greatest contributions from the ancient Greeks includes Homer’s epic poems. Still studied and read today, The Odyssey and The Iliad tell of heroes who overcome obstacles to achieve an ultimate goal. This storyline can be associated with the American film write, Indiana Jones. This popular film uses the same format as most ancient Greek epics as well as plays. These epics even encouraged the Romans to want to write their own epic poem about their life style and cultures. These texts have been thoroughly analyzed and examined by several Western civilizations. For almost 3000 years, these epics have inspired many western poets, artists, and authors. The ancient Greeks were said to have written the first plays, which have encouraged many of the Western civilizations. Antigone, a play by Sophocles, tells of a man who buries his brother, against king’s orders, and was killed while leading his rebellion (Document 6). The values expressed in Greek plays showed pride and care towards belief and others. Plays were often based off of popular myths and legends. In modern times, plays, musicals, and movies are also based off of myths, as well as tales and classic stories. Tragedies in Greece were plays that showed disasters, just like in modern societies. Comedies were plays that mocked Greek people and customs. These types of play formats were passed down to the Western civilizations. Western literature and theatre can be traced back to early Greek culture and ideas.
Western architecture can be traced back to the ancient Greeks. Widely admired and long lasting contributions by ancient Greece include structures and building, such as the Parthenon (Document 7). This structure, built around 447 BC on the Acropolis, was dedicated to the goddess Athena. Inside, a gold and ivory sculpture of Athena stood. In ancient Greece, people took great pride and honor in their architecture and organization. The Greeks built structures to dedicate gods, people and events, such as the Olympics. Many Western architectures were also built in honor of others and events (Document 8). In the United States, such buildings as the Washington Monument, the Lincoln Memorial, Thomas Jefferson Memorial, and the Martin Luther King Junior Memorial, were built to honor great leaders of America. In ancient Greece, constructions were built with columns, or pillars. The Greeks were very...

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Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization Essay

581 Words3 Pages

Western civilization is what we call modern society that mainly includes North America and
Western Europe. But how did this western way of life come to be? Their are many different ways but mainly through ancient cultures. The two main ones are the Greek and Roman.
Greece with their golden age and Rome with its great Empire and Republic and also together. Their are many ways in which western civilization is like the ancient Greek civilization. They started the Olympic games. Greeks come up with the idea of an alphabet that it still used today. They were the first to think of the idea of democracy. They had common people participate in their government and to elect a leader. Their trials had an actual jury made up of…show more content…

Roman’s also invented the numeral system that is still being used. First to have people living in apartments and to think up a welfare system. Roman’s were even the ones that gave the planets their names. Because of all these things Rome had a big impact on western culture. Rome and Greece both had a major impact on the architecture of western civilization.
Rome invented concrete which is the #1 thing used in building today. They also used brick and glass. While the Greek’s used marble, which is still applied today. They both built big, beautiful structures, many which are still standing. The Greek invention of the column, and
Rome with there favorite architecture shape, the arch, are both still very much used in the present especially on government and capital buildings. Greece thought up the idea of making sculptors of real people not just gods or animals. And they made it symmetrical which is how sculptors make them to this day. Roman’s invented aqueducts and sewers.
They built great roads that were all connected and some are even still being walked on. All of these things are a very big part of how we construct our buildings and cities. In conclusion, with the Greek and Roman ideas and inventions they were able to have a lasting effect on the world. In one way or another Greek and Roman civilizations have helped develop math, science, literature, philosophy,

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